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Ragas are derived from scales, so let’s begin by trying to understand what a scale is.

A scale is a musical theme created by choosing a specific set of notes. Think of the twelve notes in an octave as twelve different colors. Now, what if you chose only a few…


In Hindustani (North Indian) classical music, students begin their study of ragas by learning to sing fixed raga compositions called bandish. There are many well-known bandish in each raga. A good bandish paints a brief yet effective outline of a raga’s melody. So, it can be used not just as…


Some ragas are more difficult to master than others. This could be because they involve difficult note intervals, because they use complex note patterns, because they use microtones, because they are too similar to other ragas, or other reasons.

This page explores a few such ragas. Ragas like Hamsadhwani, Kedar…


Raga families ( raagang) are created when new ragas are derived from existing ragas. Take an existing raga and leave out one note from its scale, and you have a new raga. Add a new note, and you have a different raga. You can also leave out or add notes…


My website, Raag Hindustani

One of my main reasons in creating this website was to put together a comprehensive and easily accessible resource for North Indian (Hindustani) classical music theory, explaining all the basic concepts from scratch with examples and notated demos so anyone, whether with a background in music or not, can understand.


In Hindustani (North Indian) classical music, students begin their study of ragas by learning to sing fixed raga compositions called bandish. But in performance, compositions are used only to provide structure. For instance, you might hear a small part of a composition repeated at intervals as a refrain. …


In Indian classical music, we do not notate music for performance purposes because a classical music performance, by definition, is extemporaneous. But we do use notation to teach and learn music. …


In Hindustani (North Indian) classical music, the most common way to classify a raga is under ten parent scales (called thaat). A thaat is no more than a seven-note scale including one each of the seven notes sa re ga ma pa dha ni (the Indian equivalents of do re…


There are hundreds of different ragas, and they can be classified in various ways — by structure, by parent scale, by family, by time or season, by mood, and so on. …


If you have a simple melody that can stand on its own, ornamentation is what is added to this to make it more appealing. There are many different kinds of ornaments (alankar) in Indian classical music. Some add finer nuances to the melody, others give it texture. …

Sadhana

I study, write about, and make audiovisual content to explain Indian classical music. My website: https://raag-hindustani.com

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